Aurélie Ouss’s work in the economics of crime focuses on understanding the causes and long-term consequences of high levels of incarceration.

She has done research on how judicial policies and experiences in prison affect recidivism, and on the behavioral and economic determinants of sentencing. Ouss previously worked as a research assistant for MIT's Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (JPAL), where she ran field experiments in rural Morocco on conditional cash transfers and microcredits.

She holds a BA in economics and sociology from Ecole Normale Supérieure, an MA in economics from the Paris School of Economics and a PhD in economics from Harvard University.